5. Amino Acids Synthesized from Glutamate: Glutamine, Proline, Ornithine, Citrulline and Arginine

  1. David A Bender

Published Online: 2 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118357514.ch5

Amino Acid Metabolism, Third Edition

Amino Acid Metabolism, Third Edition

How to Cite

Bender, D. A. (2012) Amino Acids Synthesized from Glutamate: Glutamine, Proline, Ornithine, Citrulline and Arginine, in Amino Acid Metabolism, Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118357514.ch5

Author Information

  1. University College, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 2 JUL 2012
  2. Published Print: 10 AUG 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470661512

Online ISBN: 9781118357514

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • amino acids synthesized from glutamate, glutamine, proline, ornithine;
  • glutamate and glutamine synthesis, ammonium into amino acids;
  • glutamate, excitatory neurotransmitter, through ionotropic receptors;
  • glutamate catabolism;
  • skeletal muscle, glutamine and stress response, hypercatabolic states;
  • glutathione S-transferases, glutathione peroxidase on phospholipid hydroperoxides;
  • glutathione S-transferase deficiency, severe glutathione synthetase deficiency;
  • GABA formation regulation for normal plants, and stress responses;
  • arginyl-tRNA, role in protein catabolism;
  • arginine synthesis from glutamate, arginine for polyamine synthesis

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Synthesis of 5-aminolevulinic acid from glutamate in plants

  • The catabolism of glutamate

  • Glutamine

  • Glutathione and the γ-glutamyl cycle

  • Glutamate decarboxylase and the GABA shunt

  • Glutamate carboxylase and vitamin K-dependent post-synthetic modification of proteins

  • Proline

  • The polyamines

  • Arginine, citrulline and ornithine

  • Further reading