8. Fossil Tintinnids

  1. John R. Dolan3,
  2. David J. S. Montagnes4,
  3. Sabine Agatha5,
  4. D. Wayne Coats6 and
  5. Diane K. Stoecker7
  1. Jere H. Lipps1,
  2. Thorsten Stoeck2 and
  3. Micah Dunthorn2

Published Online: 20 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118358092.ch8

The Biology and Ecology of Tintinnid Ciliates: Models for Marine Plankton

The Biology and Ecology of Tintinnid Ciliates: Models for Marine Plankton

How to Cite

Lipps, J. H., Stoeck, T. and Dunthorn, M. (2012) Fossil Tintinnids, in The Biology and Ecology of Tintinnid Ciliates: Models for Marine Plankton (eds J. R. Dolan, D. J. S. Montagnes, S. Agatha, D. W. Coats and D. K. Stoecker), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118358092.ch8

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Marine Microbial Ecology, Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche-sur-Mer, CNRS Université Paris VI UMR 7093, Station Zoologique, B.P. 28, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France

  2. 4

    Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, BioSciences Building, Crown Street, Liverpool, L69 7ZB, UK

  3. 5

    Department of Organismic Biology, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunnerstrasse 34, 5020 Salzburg, Austria

  4. 6

    Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, P.O. Box 28, 647 Contees Wharf Rd., Edgewater, MD 21037, USA

  5. 7

    University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Horn Point Laboratory, 2020 Horns Point Road, P.O. Box 775, Cambridge MD 21613, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    John D. Cooper Archaeology and Paleontology Center, Santa Ana, CA, USA

  2. 2

    University of Kaiserslautern, Department of Ecology, Erwin-Schroedinger Street, 67653 Kaiserslautern, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 SEP 2012
  2. Published Print: 26 OCT 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470671511

Online ISBN: 9781118358092



  • fossil tintinnids;
  • tintinnids, and their fossilized loricae, in tracing ciliate evolution;
  • proterozoic tintinnids, no evidence of a beginning;
  • putative tintinnid fossils from the 635 – 715 MYA;
  • Phanerozoic eon, tintinnid fossils rare among Paleozoic rocks;
  • Mesozoic tintinnids and calpionellids, upper Triassic to lower Cretaceous;
  • organic and agglutinated Phanerozoic fossils;
  • tintinnids with organic loricae/agglutinated with foreign particles;
  • fossils leaving few clues to a ciliate origin, except shape/composition


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction: a paucity of data

  • Proterozoic tintinnids: no evidence of a beginning

  • Paleozoic tintinnid reports: too thin to know

  • Mesozoic tintinnids and calpionellids: same shape, different composition

  • Cenozoic tintinnids: sparse

  • Organic and agglutinated phanerozoic fossils: the most likely candidates

  • Conclusions and perspectives

  • Key points

  • Acknowledgments