9. Cardiac Resynchronization: Pacing Therapy for Heart Failure

  1. Richard N. Fogoros

Published Online: 16 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118399613.ch9

Electrophysiologic Testing, Fifth Edition

Electrophysiologic Testing, Fifth Edition

How to Cite

Fogoros, R. N. (2012) Cardiac Resynchronization: Pacing Therapy for Heart Failure, in Electrophysiologic Testing, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118399613.ch9

Author Information

  1. Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 JUL 2012
  2. Published Print: 29 AUG 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470674239

Online ISBN: 9781118399613



  • CRT, pacing therapy for heart failure;
  • optimizing AV delay, generating confusion of literature;
  • CRT, also referred to as biventricular pacing;
  • CRT pacemakers, in correcting ventricular dyssynchrony;
  • measures of left ventricular contractility, improving with CRT;
  • indications for CRT;
  • implanting CRT devices;
  • placing additional lead for left ventricular pacing;
  • unresolved issues with CRT;
  • measuring dyssynchrony


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)

  • Clinical studies with CRT

  • Indications for CRT

  • Implanting CRT devices

  • Unresolved issues with CRT

  • Should CRT be the standard mode of pacing?