3. Biomechanics of Bone and Bony Trauma

  1. Jules Kieser1,
  2. Michael Taylor2 and
  3. Debra Carr3
  1. Jules Kieser

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118404249.ch3

Forensic Biomechanics

Forensic Biomechanics

How to Cite

Kieser, J., Taylor, M. and Carr, D. (2012) Biomechanics of Bone and Bony Trauma, in Forensic Biomechanics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118404249.ch3

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

  2. 2

    Institute of Environmental Science and Research (ESR), Christchurch Science Centre, New Zealand

  3. 3

    Department of Engineering and Applied Science, Cranfield Defence and Security, Cranfield University, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Shrivenham, Wiltshire, United Kingdom

Author Information

  1. University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
  2. Published Print: 24 OCT 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119990116

Online ISBN: 9781118404249

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Keywords:

  • bone and bony trauma biomechanics;
  • osteoblasts, for bone formation and maintenance;
  • bone, dynamic system renewing/restructuring itself;
  • bone structure and function under biomechanical, and Wolff's law;
  • compact and cancellous bones, varying with age, anatomy, sex;
  • bone as compact bones and cancellous (trabecular) bones;
  • compact bone biomechanics, force-displacement curve in tension;
  • bone biomechanics, from a hierarchical perspective;
  • ballistic injury and wounding at impact, related to kinetic energy;
  • adult bone firm strength in compression, the opposite in children

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Composition of bone

  • Types of bone

  • Biomechanical properties of bone

  • Compressive and tensile fracture patterns

  • Blunt and sharp force trauma

  • Ballistic trauma

  • Living versus postmortem fracture

  • Bone fracture in infants