1. Intellectual Disabilities – Classification, Epidemiology and Causes

  1. Eric Emerson1,2,
  2. Chris Hatton3,
  3. Kate Dickson4,
  4. Rupa Gone5,
  5. Amanda Caine6 and
  6. Jo Bromley7
  1. Chris Hatton

Published Online: 8 APR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118404898.ch1

Clinical Psychology and People with Intellectual Disabilities, Second Edition

Clinical Psychology and People with Intellectual Disabilities, Second Edition

How to Cite

Hatton, C. (2012) Intellectual Disabilities – Classification, Epidemiology and Causes, in Clinical Psychology and People with Intellectual Disabilities, Second Edition (eds E. Emerson, C. Hatton, K. Dickson, R. Gone, A. Caine and J. Bromley), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118404898.ch1

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Division for Health Research, Lancaster University, UK

  2. 2

    University of Sydney, Australia

  3. 3

    Centre for Disability Research at Lancaster University, UK

  4. 4

    Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board, North Wales, UK

  5. 5

    Enfield Integrated Learning Disabilities Service, UK

  6. 6

    Pennine Care NHS Foundation Trust, UK

  7. 7

    Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK

Author Information

  1. Centre for Disability Research at Lancaster University, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 APR 2012
  2. Published Print: 30 MAR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470029718

Online ISBN: 9781118404898

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Keywords:

  • IDs, classification, epidemiology, causes;
  • ‘intellectual disability’ socially constructed;
  • people, classified as having an ‘intellectual disability’;
  • social model of disability, and oppressive organisation;
  • ID, and classification system;
  • AAIDD 2010 Definition of ‘Intellectual Disability’;
  • levels of ID;
  • cultural and linguistic diversity;
  • disorders, conditions with IDs;
  • epidemiology, causes of IDs for needs-led services

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Classification

  • Epidemiology

  • Causes of Intellectual Disability

  • Conclusions

  • Further Reading

  • References