11. Lepidoptera and Protective Legislation

  1. T.R. New

Published Online: 20 SEP 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118409220.ch11

Lepidoptera and Conservation

Lepidoptera and Conservation

How to Cite

New, T.R. (ed) (2013) Lepidoptera and Protective Legislation, in Lepidoptera and Conservation, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118409220.ch11

Editor Information

  1. Department of Zoology, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 SEP 2013
  2. Published Print: 10 DEC 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118409213

Online ISBN: 9781118409220



  • Lepidoptera;
  • protective legislation


The legal designation of animal or plant species as ‘endangered’, ‘threatened’ or ‘protected’ in some way is widespread, and is seen by many people as a core activity in conservation. Prohibition of collecting specimens imposed by officialdom, often without the practical need for this being justified or evident, is alienating. In some cases, resultant publicity, often well motivated, has led to collecting being viewed with suspicion. The outcomes include: (1) reduction in collecting interest and accumulating biological and distributional information on species of significant conservation interest, in part through (2) any such interests becoming clandestine for fears of prosecution; and (3) the role of collecting as a threatening process often being accorded higher importance than it merits in relation to more pervasive threats associated with habitat. The enforcement of any legislative listing of Lepidoptera depends on ability to recognise and differentiate the individual taxa listed, as the legal entities designated.