2. Plant Defences and Parasitoid Chemical Ecology

  1. Eric Wajnberg2 and
  2. Stefano Colazza3
  1. Paul J. Ode

Published Online: 5 APR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118409589.ch2

Chemical Ecology of Insect Parasitoids

Chemical Ecology of Insect Parasitoids

How to Cite

Ode, P. J. (2013) Plant Defences and Parasitoid Chemical Ecology, in Chemical Ecology of Insect Parasitoids (eds E. Wajnberg and S. Colazza), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118409589.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), 400 Route des Chappes, BP 167, 06903 Sophia Antipolis Cedex, France

  2. 3

    Department of Agricultural and Forest Sciences, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 13, 90128 Palermo, Italy

Author Information

  1. Colorado State University, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1177, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 APR 2013
  2. Published Print: 3 MAY 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118409527

Online ISBN: 9781118409589



  • chemical ecology;
  • climate change;
  • insect parasitoids;
  • plant attackers;
  • plant defence


Plants play a central role in the chemical ecology of most insect parasitoids. Parasitoid chemical-based communication has been well studied, particularly in terms of the use of plant- and/or herbivore-associated volatiles, which are released following herbivore damage, as kairomones to locate their insect hosts. Likewise, plant defence responses link parasitoids with the effects of an impressive array of stressors (including herbivores, plant pathogens, and abiotic factors associated with climate change). In this chapter, the author argues that an understanding of plant defence responses to a diversity of attackers and abiotic stressors is important to understanding the chemical ecology of many insect parasitoids. A more holistic approach to parasitoid chemical ecology can yield novel insights into not only how parasitoids relate to their environment, but also how multitrophic community relationships are structured and maintained.