5. Bit-Plane Analysis

  1. Hans Georg Schaathun

Published Online: 22 AUG 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118437957.ch5

Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis

Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis

How to Cite

Schaathun, H. G. (2012) Bit-Plane Analysis, in Machine Learning in Image Steganalysis, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118437957.ch5

Author Information

  1. Ålesund University College, Norway

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 AUG 2012
  2. Published Print: 21 AUG 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470663059

Online ISBN: 9781118437957



  • bit-plane analysis;
  • bit-plane analysis, basis for features in machine learning;
  • understanding artifacts, that features are designed to capture;
  • visual steganalysis of LSB working on some images;
  • artifacts observed visually, the LSB in autocorrelation matrix;
  • functions, in calculating AC feature for image im with shift idx;
  • AC-10 features for complete image, vector difference of features;
  • feature vectors, comparison of accuracies;
  • AC features, experiments not ensuring good performance


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Visual Steganalysis

  • Autocorrelation Features

  • Binary Similarity Measures

  • Evaluation and Comparison