3. Vegetation and Environment: Discontinuities and Continuities

  1. Eddy van der Maarel2 and
  2. Janet Franklin3
  1. Mike P. Austin

Published Online: 25 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118452592.ch3

Vegetation Ecology, Second Edition

Vegetation Ecology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Austin, M. P. (2013) Vegetation and Environment: Discontinuities and Continuities, in Vegetation Ecology, Second Edition (eds E. van der Maarel and J. Franklin), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118452592.ch3

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Community and Conservation Ecology Group, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands

  2. 3

    School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, Arizona State University, Arizona, United States

Author Information

  1. CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, Canberra ACT, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 FEB 2013
  2. Published Print: 7 JAN 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444338881

Online ISBN: 9781118452592



  • vegetation;
  • environment;
  • community;
  • continuum;
  • indirect ordination;
  • classification;
  • direct ordination;
  • niche;
  • correspondence analysis;
  • generalized linear modeling


This chapter explores the relationship between vegetation and environment, with reference to continuous versus discontinuous communities. Methods including numerical and indirect ordination and species distribution modeling or direct gradient analysis are covered, including applications and limitations.