17. Ethnic Differences in Bone Acquisition

  1. Clifford J. Rosen MD
  1. Shane A. Norris,
  2. Lisa K. Micklesfield and
  3. John M. Pettifor

Published Online: 19 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118453926.ch17

Primer on the Metabolic Bone Diseases and Disorders of Mineral Metabolism, Eighth Edition

Primer on the Metabolic Bone Diseases and Disorders of Mineral Metabolism, Eighth Edition

How to Cite

Norris, S. A., Micklesfield, L. K. and Pettifor, J. M. (2013) Ethnic Differences in Bone Acquisition, in Primer on the Metabolic Bone Diseases and Disorders of Mineral Metabolism, Eighth Edition (ed C. J. Rosen), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Ames, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118453926.ch17

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 JUL 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118453889

Online ISBN: 9781118453926

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Keywords:

  • bone mass acquisition;
  • dietary calcium;
  • ethnic differences;
  • mineral metabolism

Summary

In order to identify the predictors of skeletal health in adults, in particular peak bone mass, understanding ethnic differences in mineral metabolism and bone mass acquisition is an important research area. Ethnic differences in bone mass have been well described in the literature and clearly show that axial and appendicular bone mass is greater in African-Americans compared to Caucasians. Some epidemiological studies have shown an increased prevalence of osteoporosis in regions where dietary calcium intake is extremely low. The literature on ethnic variation in hip fracture incidence confirms that many factors contribute to skeletal health. Skeletal mass is accrued throughout childhood and adolescence, and many ethnic differences appear to be present throughout growth. Interethnic studies in bone mass acquisition are important to help elucidate possible etiologies in the early pathogenesis of osteoporosis and the development of interventions that may ameliorate the manifestations of the disease in later life.