42. Nutrition and Osteoporosis

  1. Clifford J. Rosen MD
  1. Connie M. Weaver and
  2. Robert P. Heaney

Published Online: 19 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118453926.ch42

Primer on the Metabolic Bone Diseases and Disorders of Mineral Metabolism, Eighth Edition

Primer on the Metabolic Bone Diseases and Disorders of Mineral Metabolism, Eighth Edition

How to Cite

Weaver, C. M. and Heaney, R. P. (2013) Nutrition and Osteoporosis, in Primer on the Metabolic Bone Diseases and Disorders of Mineral Metabolism, Eighth Edition (ed C. J. Rosen), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Ames, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118453926.ch42

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 JUL 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118453889

Online ISBN: 9781118453926

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Keywords:

  • bone mass;
  • dietary bioactive constituents;
  • nutrition;
  • osteoporosis

Summary

Nutrients are essential to the viability of all cells including those in bone. Nutrition is an important component for treating those with osteoporosis. The cumulative effect of diet over the life span influences development of peak bone mass and its subsequent maintenance. Osteoporosis has been called a pediatric disorder because adult peak bone mass is largely determined during childhood. Bone mass is ultimately determined by the genetic program as modified by current and past mechanical loading and limited or permitted by nutrition. Bone health rests on a combination of mechanical loading and adequate intakes of a broad array of macro- and micronutrients. Three important essential nutrients for bone health are calcium, vitamin D, and protein. Some bioactive ingredients may improve bone health by reducing chronic inflammation.