50. Maintenance Treatments for Opiate-Dependent Adolescents1

  1. Iosief Abraha1 and
  2. Cristina Cusi2

Published Online: 13 AUG 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118454503.ch50

Alcohol and Drug Misuse

Alcohol and Drug Misuse

How to Cite

Abraha, I. and Cusi, C. (2012) Maintenance Treatments for Opiate-Dependent Adolescents1, in Alcohol and Drug Misuse, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118454503.ch50

Author Information

  1. 1

    Regional Health Authority of Umbria, Perugia, Italy

  2. 2

    Outpatient Services – Neurology, Clinical Institutes of Specialisation, Milan, Italy

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 AUG 2012
  2. Published Print: 7 AUG 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470659694

Online ISBN: 9781118454503



  • maintenance treatments for opiate-dependent adolescents;
  • pharmacological maintenance, necessary to opioid dependence in adults;
  • maintenance treatment alone/ or in combination, and effectiveness;
  • primary outcomes, drop-outs/substance use/relapse at follow-up;
  • other outcomes, other substance use/side effects/nonfatal/criminal acts;
  • limitations of methodology/sample size/reporting bias, threats to validity;
  • pharmacological as effective in adolescents, insufficient evidence;
  • maintenance therapy effects on adolescents, little being known;
  • long follow-up measures of relapses/and social functioning, needed


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Reference