10. The Need for a Closer Look at Pesticide Toxicity during GMO Assessment

  1. Rajeev Bhat2 and
  2. Vicente M. Gómez-López3
  1. Robin Mesnage and
  2. Gilles-Éric Séralini

Published Online: 4 APR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118474563.ch10

Practical Food Safety: Contemporary Issues and Future Directions

Practical Food Safety: Contemporary Issues and Future Directions

How to Cite

Mesnage, R. and Séralini, G.-É. (2014) The Need for a Closer Look at Pesticide Toxicity during GMO Assessment, in Practical Food Safety: Contemporary Issues and Future Directions (eds R. Bhat and V. M. Gómez-López), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118474563.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Food Technology Division, School of Industrial Technology Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

  2. 3

    Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura, (CEBAS-CSIC), Murcia, Spain

Author Information

  1. University of Caen, CRIIGEN and Pole Risk MRSH-CNRS, Caen Cedex, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 APR 2014
  2. Published Print: 19 MAY 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118474600

Online ISBN: 9781118474563

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Keywords:

  • genetic engineering;
  • genetically modified organism (GMO);
  • genetically modified plants;
  • long-term testing;
  • multigenerational testing;
  • pesticide residues;
  • pesticide toxicity

Summary

In the matter of health issues, public policy is regularly shaken by health crises or unexpected scientific discoveries. This chapter overlooks pesticide toxicity, focusing on agricultural genetically modified organisms (GMOs) because they are essentially pesticide-plants, designed to tolerate and/or produce new pesticide residues in food and feed. It also describes links between agricultural GMOs and pesticides. The application of genetic engineering in agricultural practices was advocated as the most important recent advance in plant protection for the last decades. The industry claimed to reduce the use of pesticides by introducing genetically modified plants. The chapter also describes how formulated pesticides are mixtures which have not been investigated for their long-term toxicities. Long-term and multigenerational testing in vivo often appears essential. This can be accomplished within two years on rats with raw data being transparent to the scientific community to allow healthy debate before the next health crisis.