31. Mapping of Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: How Many Sites, How Many Lines?

  1. Mohammad Shenasa MD6,
  2. Gerhard Hindricks MD7,
  3. Martin Borggrefe MD8,
  4. Günter Breithardt MD9 and
  5. Mark E. Josephson MD10
  1. Claude S. Elayi1,
  2. Luigi Di Biase1,2,3,4,
  3. Gustavo Morales1,
  4. Jenks Thompson1 and
  5. Andrea Natale2,4,5

Published Online: 18 DEC 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118481585.ch31

Cardiac Mapping, Fourth Edition

Cardiac Mapping, Fourth Edition

How to Cite

Elayi, C. S., Di Biase, L., Morales, G., Thompson, J. and Natale, A. (2013) Mapping of Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: How Many Sites, How Many Lines?, in Cardiac Mapping, Fourth Edition (eds M. Shenasa, G. Hindricks, M. Borggrefe, G. Breithardt and M. E. Josephson), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118481585.ch31

Editor Information

  1. 6

    Attending Physician, Department of Cardiovascular Services, O'Connor Hospital, Heart & Rhythm Medical Group, San Jose, California, USA

  2. 7

    Professor of Medicine (Cardiology), University Leipzig, Heart Center, Director, Department of Electrophysiology, Leipzig, Germany

  3. 8

    Professor of Medicine (Cardiology), Head, Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pneumology, University Medical Center, Mannheim Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany

  4. 9

    Professor Emeritus of Medicine and Cardiology, Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Hospital of the University of Münster, Münster, Germany

  5. 10

    Chief, Cardiovascular Medicine Division, Director, Harvard-Thorndike Electrophysiology Institute and Arrhythmia Service, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Herman C. Dana Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA

  2. 2

    Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Institute at St. David's Medical Center, Austin, TX, USA

  3. 3

    Department of Cardiology, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy

  4. 4

    Department of Biomedical Engineering University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA

  5. 5

    California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 DEC 2012
  2. Published Print: 10 JAN 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470670460

Online ISBN: 9781118481585


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