76. Magnetic Resonance Phase Mapping for Myocardial Structural Abnormalities Relevant to Arrhythmias

  1. Mohammad Shenasa MD4,
  2. Gerhard Hindricks MD5,
  3. Martin Borggrefe MD6,
  4. Günter Breithardt MD7 and
  5. Mark E. Josephson MD8
  1. Daniela Föll1,
  2. Thomas Faber1,
  3. Michael Markl2,
  4. Christoph Bode1 and
  5. Bernd Jung3

Published Online: 18 DEC 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118481585.ch76

Cardiac Mapping, Fourth Edition

Cardiac Mapping, Fourth Edition

How to Cite

Föll, D., Faber, T., Markl, M., Bode, C. and Jung, B. (2013) Magnetic Resonance Phase Mapping for Myocardial Structural Abnormalities Relevant to Arrhythmias, in Cardiac Mapping, Fourth Edition (eds M. Shenasa, G. Hindricks, M. Borggrefe, G. Breithardt and M. E. Josephson), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118481585.ch76

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Attending Physician, Department of Cardiovascular Services, O'Connor Hospital, Heart & Rhythm Medical Group, San Jose, California, USA

  2. 5

    Professor of Medicine (Cardiology), University Leipzig, Heart Center, Director, Department of Electrophysiology, Leipzig, Germany

  3. 6

    Professor of Medicine (Cardiology), Head, Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pneumology, University Medical Center, Mannheim Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany

  4. 7

    Professor Emeritus of Medicine and Cardiology, Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Hospital of the University of Münster, Münster, Germany

  5. 8

    Chief, Cardiovascular Medicine Division, Director, Harvard-Thorndike Electrophysiology Institute and Arrhythmia Service, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Herman C. Dana Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Cardiology and Angiology I, Heart Center Freiburg University, Freiburg, Germany

  2. 2

    Department of Radiology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA; Department of Biomedical Engineering, McCormick School of Engineering, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA

  3. 3

    Department of Radiology, Medical Physics, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 DEC 2012
  2. Published Print: 10 JAN 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470670460

Online ISBN: 9781118481585



  • magnetic resonance phase mapping;
  • myocardial velocities;
  • regional cardiac function


Magnetic resonance (MR) phase mapping enables an exact analysis of three-directional myocardial velocities with high temporal and spatial resolution. It can be used to perform a segmental wall motion analysis in patients with dilated, ischemic, hypertrophic or right heart cardiomyopathy, and in arrhythmogenic heart disease. Early studies have demonstrated the value of MR phase mapping in synchrony analysis. Even though MR phase mapping data in patients are very limited so far, tissue Doppler studies have pointed to the value of velocity analysis in a variety of heart diseases, thus underlining the potential of MR phase mapping for the diagnosis of myocardial structural abnormalities relevant to arrhythmias in the future.