Diagenetic and Epigenetic Mineralization in Central Europe Related to Surfaces and Depositional Systems of Sequence Stratigraphic Relevance

  1. Sadoon Morad,
  2. J. Marcelo Ketzer and
  3. Luiz F. De Ros
  1. H.G. Dill

Published Online: 22 MAY 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118485347.ch7

Linking Diagenesis to Sequence Stratigraphy

Linking Diagenesis to Sequence Stratigraphy

How to Cite

Dill, H.G. (2013) Diagenetic and Epigenetic Mineralization in Central Europe Related to Surfaces and Depositional Systems of Sequence Stratigraphic Relevance, in Linking Diagenesis to Sequence Stratigraphy (eds S. Morad, J. M. Ketzer and L. F. De Ros), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118485347.ch7

Author Information

  1. Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, P.O. Box 510163 D-30631 Hannover, Germany; (E-mail: dill@bgr.de) Dedicated to Jan H. Bernard (Czech Republic) and Hansjust W. Walther (Germany)

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 MAY 2013
  2. Published Print: 11 JAN 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118485392

Online ISBN: 9781118485347

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • Central Europe;
  • diagenetic mineralization;
  • epigenetic mineralization;
  • flooding surfaces;
  • metallogenesis;
  • mineral deposits;
  • sequence stratigraphy;
  • transgressive surfaces (TS)

Summary

This chapter suggests a metallogenetic model based on sequence stratigraphy. Stratabound and vein-type mineralizations of diagenetic and epigenetic origins, which so far have been treated as separate entities, are jointly discussed in this metallogenetic approach with sequence stratigraphic elements used for correlation of the various deposits. Amongst the elements of sequence stratigraphy, planar architectural elements such as transgressive surfaces (TS), (maximum) flooding surfaces/zones (MFZ) and sequence boundaries (SB) play a decisive role in correlating mineral deposits. Early diagenetic mineralization, such as evaporites, pebble iron ores and incised-valley deposits with siderite and goethite are related to lowstand systems tracts (LST). A SB on top of the by highstand systems tracts (HST) hosting the Mississippi-Valley-Type (MVT) deposits is viable for near-surface carbonate dissolution, which creates secondary porosity in a karst system and resultant fluid migration from overpressured deeper parts of the basin.