6. Indicators of Climate Change Impacts on Biodiversity

  1. Ben Collen6,
  2. Nathalie Pettorelli6,
  3. Jonathan E. M. Baillie7 and
  4. Sarah M. Durant6
  1. Wendy B. Foden1,2,
  2. Georgina M. Mace3,4 and
  3. Stuart H. M. Butchart5

Published Online: 25 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118490747.ch6

Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation: Bridging the Gap between Global Commitment and Local Action

Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation: Bridging the Gap between Global Commitment and Local Action

How to Cite

Foden, W. B., Mace, G. M. and Butchart, S. H. M. (2013) Indicators of Climate Change Impacts on Biodiversity, in Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation: Bridging the Gap between Global Commitment and Local Action (eds B. Collen, N. Pettorelli, J. E. M. Baillie and S. M. Durant), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118490747.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 6

    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK

  2. 7

    Conservation Programmes, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    IUCN, 219c Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 0DL, UK

  2. 2

    Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2050, South Africa

  3. 3

    Georgina Mace Imperial College London, Centre for Population Biology, Silwood Park, Ascot, SL5 7PY, UK

  4. 4

    University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK

  5. 5

    BirdLife International, Wellbrook Court, Cambridge, CB3 0NA, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 FEB 2013
  2. Published Print: 12 APR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444332919

Online ISBN: 9781118490747

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Keywords:

  • biodiversity;
  • climate change;
  • climate envelope models;
  • criteria-based methods;
  • ecosystem;
  • global climate change indicator framework;
  • species;
  • susceptibility frameworks

Summary

This chapter first discusses four different kinds of methods used to determine the impact of climate change on species. The four methods are comparing observed population and distribution changes with those predicted under climate change, climate envelope models, criteria-based methods, and susceptibility or vulnerability frameworks. The climate envelope models are the most widely used approach and have been extremely influential in highlighting vulnerable areas and species for conservation, and in quantifying the likely scale of climate change impacts on species and ecosystems in coming decades. Then, the chapter evaluates the merits of each for development of a global indicator framework. It also describes two indicators that have been put into practice at a regional scale. Finally, the chapter discusses the role that monitoring can and should play in validating both assessments and indicators of climate change impacts on biodiversity.