8. Exploitation Indices: Developing Global and National Metrics of Wildlife Use and Trade

  1. Ben Collen5,
  2. Nathalie Pettorelli5,
  3. Jonathan E. M. Baillie6 and
  4. Sarah M. Durant5
  1. Rosamunde E. A. Almond1,
  2. Stuart H. M. Butchart2,
  3. Thomasina E. E. Oldfield3,
  4. Louise McRae5 and
  5. Steven de Bie4

Published Online: 25 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118490747.ch8

Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation: Bridging the Gap between Global Commitment and Local Action

Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation: Bridging the Gap between Global Commitment and Local Action

How to Cite

Almond, R. E. A., Butchart, S. H. M., Oldfield, T. E. E., McRae, L. and de Bie, S. (2013) Exploitation Indices: Developing Global and National Metrics of Wildlife Use and Trade, in Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation: Bridging the Gap between Global Commitment and Local Action (eds B. Collen, N. Pettorelli, J. E. M. Baillie and S. M. Durant), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118490747.ch8

Editor Information

  1. 5

    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK

  2. 6

    Conservation Programmes, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 ODL, UK

  2. 2

    BirdLife International, Wellbrook Court, Cambridge, CB3 0NA, UK

  3. 3

    TRAFFIC International, 219a Huntingdon Rd, Cambridge, CB3 ODL, UK

  4. 4

    Wageningen University, Droevendaalsesteeg 4, Wageningen, The Netherlands

  5. 5

    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 FEB 2013
  2. Published Print: 12 APR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444332919

Online ISBN: 9781118490747

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Keywords:

  • biodiversity;
  • economic indicators;
  • response indicators;
  • species exploitation indicators;
  • sustainability indicators;
  • wildlife trade interventions

Summary

This chapter first presents an overview of biodiversity indicators that are currently available to track trends in the status and trade in exploited wild animals and plants. These are primarily global in scope but the majority of them can be applied to a national or regional level. Once an organism is harvested, there are many steps before it reaches the end consumer. In an increasingly globalised world, this journey – commonly referred to as the trade chain – may involve tens of people and cross national boundaries, seas, and even continents. The second part of the chapter uses data from various points in this journey from source to consumer to explore three potential areas of future indicator development: indicators of the sustainability in use and trade in wild animals and plants, economic-based indicators; and indicators that measure responses to these impacts such as certification and wildlife trade interventions.