13. Solid–Liquid Extraction in Biorefinery

  1. Shri Ramaswamy2,
  2. Hua-Jiang Huang2 and
  3. Bandaru V. Ramarao3
  1. Zurina Zainal Abidin,
  2. Dayang Radiah Awang Biak,
  3. Hamdan Mohamed and
  4. Mohd Yusof Harun

Published Online: 4 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118493441.ch13

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries

How to Cite

Abidin, Z. Z., Awang Biak, D. R., Mohamed, H. and Harun, M. Y. (2013) Solid–Liquid Extraction in Biorefinery, in Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries (eds S. Ramaswamy, H.-J. Huang and B. V. Ramarao), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118493441.ch13

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA

  2. 3

    Department of Paper and Bioprocess Engineering, Empire State Paper Research Institute, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, New York, USA

Author Information

  1. Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 11 FEB 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470977965

Online ISBN: 9781118493441



  • biofuels;
  • biorefinery;
  • industrial extractors;
  • solid–liquid extraction (SLE)


Solid–liquid extraction (SLE) is a common separation method employed in industry. Since the production of bioenergy is not directly related to SLE, this chapter focuses on bio-based products including biofuels. The chapter presents an overview of the current status of SLE in the biorefinery industry, and discusses SLE principles, process design, and modeling considerations, as well as elaborating on the industrial application of SLE by providing some examples. Finally, the economic importance and challenges of SLE are discussed. The state-of-the-art technology for SLE in the biorefinery industry involves not only the equipment design and operation, but also the process model. The development of statistical models based on experimental design and the application of various process flows is one of the new modeling approaches in SLE.