5. Adsorption

  1. Shri Ramaswamy2,
  2. Hua-Jiang Huang2 and
  3. Bandaru V. Ramarao3
  1. Saravanan Venkatesan

Published Online: 4 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118493441.ch5

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries

How to Cite

Venkatesan, S. (2013) Adsorption, in Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries (eds S. Ramaswamy, H.-J. Huang and B. V. Ramarao), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118493441.ch5

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA

  2. 3

    Department of Paper and Bioprocess Engineering, Empire State Paper Research Institute, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, New York, USA

Author Information

  1. Shell Global Solutions International B.V., Department of Innovation Biodomain, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Present Address: Shell Technology Centre Bangalore, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 11 FEB 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470977965

Online ISBN: 9781118493441



  • adsorbent regeneration;
  • adsorption;
  • biorefinery separation;
  • pressure swing adsorption (PSA);
  • temperature swing adsorption (TSA)


This chapter highlights the role played by adsorption in the biorefinery separation processes. It begins with a brief description of the underlying principles of adsorption, which are then invoked to describe adsorbent selection criteria. the chapter describes the properties of some of the current commercially available adsorbents and presents some novel adsorbents, which are creating much excitement in this field. The basic classification of adsorption separation processes is based on the regeneration step. This is described with specific emphasis on temperature swing adsorption (TSA) and pressure swing adsorption (PSA). The role of adsorption in the biorefinery separation process is brought alive by a broad review of existing applications followed by a deeper inspection via a particular case study: the recovery of 1-butanol from acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation broth using TSA technology. The chapter ends with some thoughts on focus areas for research in the area of adsorption technology.