2. Ecological Processes, Functions and Ecosystem Services

Inextricable Linkages between Wetlands and Agricultural Systems

  1. Steve Wratten3,
  2. Harpinder Sandhu4,
  3. Ross Cullen5 and
  4. Robert Costanza6
  1. Onil Banerjee1,
  2. Neville D. Crossman1 and
  3. Rudolf S. de Groot2

Published Online: 20 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118506271.ch2

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

How to Cite

Banerjee, O., Crossman, N. D. and de Groot, R. S. (2013) Ecological Processes, Functions and Ecosystem Services, in Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes (eds S. Wratten, H. Sandhu, R. Cullen and R. Costanza), A John Wiley & Sons, Oxford. doi: 10.1002/9781118506271.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Bio-Protection Research Centre Lincoln University, New Zealand

  2. 4

    School of the Environment Flinders University, Australia

  3. 5

    Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance Lincoln University, New Zealand

  4. 6

    Crawford School of Public Policy Australian National University, Australia

Author Information

  1. 1

    CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, Adelaide, Australia

  2. 2

    Environmental Systems Analysis Group, Wageningen University, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 25 MAR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405170086

Online ISBN: 9781118506271



  • agricultural systems;
  • biological diversity;
  • ecological processes;
  • ecosystem functions;
  • ecosystem services;
  • wetlands


This chapter documents the relationship between biological diversity, ecosystem function and service within agricultural systems. To guide the discussion, it focuses on the interdependencies between agricultural production and the ecosystem services provided by freshwater wetlands and the impacts agricultural systems can have on the health and functioning of wetlands. The focus is on wetlands because they are biologically complex yet relatively well understood, and critical to the provision of freshwater for agricultural use and human benefit. In the chapter, ecosystem function and its linkages with ecosystem services are established. The ecological functions and subsequent ecosystem services generated by wetlands are defined and their interactions with agricultural systems are discussed in detail. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the research challenges involved in managing complexity, resilience and trade-offs between ecosystem services and agriculture.