5. Aquaculture and Ecosystem Services

Reframing the Environmental and Social Debate

  1. Steve Wratten2,
  2. Harpinder Sandhu3,
  3. Ross Cullen4 and
  4. Robert Costanza5
  1. Corinne Baulcomb

Published Online: 20 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118506271.ch5

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

How to Cite

Baulcomb, C. (2013) Aquaculture and Ecosystem Services, in Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes (eds S. Wratten, H. Sandhu, R. Cullen and R. Costanza), A John Wiley & Sons, Oxford. doi: 10.1002/9781118506271.ch5

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Bio-Protection Research Centre Lincoln University, New Zealand

  2. 3

    School of the Environment Flinders University, Australia

  3. 4

    Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance Lincoln University, New Zealand

  4. 5

    Crawford School of Public Policy Australian National University, Australia

Author Information

  1. Scottish Agricultural College, Edinburgh, Scotland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 25 MAR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405170086

Online ISBN: 9781118506271

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Keywords:

  • aquaculture;
  • ecosystem services;
  • environmental impacts;
  • inland production systems;
  • life-cycle assessment (LCA)

Summary

This chapter reframes the debate over the environmental and social impacts of different forms of aquaculture. It illustrates how the impacts flowing from the outputs of aquaculture operations can be mapped onto a well-known ecosystem service typology. It is argued that this will facilitate the analysis of: (1) the social, environmental and financial impacts of particular aquaculture operations, (2) the trade-offs between them, and (3) the sustainability of those trade-offs. The relevance and complementary nature of life-cycle assessment (LCA) to this approach is also discussed. For the purpose of presenting case studies, this chapter uses the ecosystem service typology that was assembled for The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) project. The first pair of case studies presented in the chapter demonstrates this through a discussion of two contrasting inland production systems, while the second pair does so through a discussion of two contrasting marine-based production systems.