6. Urban Landscapes and Ecosystem Services

  1. Steve Wratten4,
  2. Harpinder Sandhu5,
  3. Ross Cullen6 and
  4. Robert Costanza7
  1. Jürgen Breuste1,
  2. Dagmar Haase2 and
  3. Thomas Elmqvist3

Published Online: 20 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118506271.ch6

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

How to Cite

Breuste, J., Haase, D. and Elmqvist, T. (2013) Urban Landscapes and Ecosystem Services, in Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes (eds S. Wratten, H. Sandhu, R. Cullen and R. Costanza), A John Wiley & Sons, Oxford. doi: 10.1002/9781118506271.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Bio-Protection Research Centre Lincoln University, New Zealand

  2. 5

    School of the Environment Flinders University, Australia

  3. 6

    Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance Lincoln University, New Zealand

  4. 7

    Crawford School of Public Policy Australian National University, Australia

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Geography/Geology, University of Salzburg, Austria

  2. 2

    Institute of Geography, Humboldt University, Berlin and Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research GmbH–UFZ, Leipzig, Germany

  3. 3

    Department of Systems Ecology and Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 25 MAR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405170086

Online ISBN: 9781118506271



  • climate change;
  • soil sealing;
  • urban ecosystem services (UES);
  • urban green space (UGS);
  • urban landscapes


Ecosystem services (ES) include all ecosystem functions and processes people and society benefit from in economic terms or related to their quality of life. If these ES are both requested and provided in urban areas and cities, then it is defined as urban ES (UES). Urban green spaces (UGS) — forests, trees, parks, allotments or cemeteries — provide a whole range of ES for the residents of a city. Reducing the impact of the sealed surfaces by increasing their water permeability and providing additional infiltration opportunities are goals that require a complex approach to the management of ES. To achieve these goals, there is a need to improve the monitoring methodology and to steer the growth of soil sealing. Finally, the chapter discusses some climate-change-related stressors in an urban context and how different variables can be managed by improved attention to urban land use and to effects on UES.