7. Scale-dependent Ecosystem Service

  1. Steve Wratten3,
  2. Harpinder Sandhu4,
  3. Ross Cullen5 and
  4. Robert Costanza6
  1. Yangjian Zhang1,
  2. Claus Holzapfel2 and
  3. Xiaoyong Yuan1

Published Online: 20 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118506271.ch7

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

How to Cite

Zhang, Y., Holzapfel, C. and Yuan, X. (2013) Scale-dependent Ecosystem Service, in Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes (eds S. Wratten, H. Sandhu, R. Cullen and R. Costanza), A John Wiley & Sons, Oxford. doi: 10.1002/9781118506271.ch7

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Bio-Protection Research Centre Lincoln University, New Zealand

  2. 4

    School of the Environment Flinders University, Australia

  3. 5

    Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance Lincoln University, New Zealand

  4. 6

    Crawford School of Public Policy Australian National University, Australia

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

  2. 2

    Department of Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, Newark, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 25 MAR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405170086

Online ISBN: 9781118506271



  • ecosystem service management;
  • ecosystem service measurement;
  • ecosystem services;
  • scale dependency


This chapter addresses the scale-dependent features of ecosystem service by first discussing the concepts of spatial and temporal scales, then how the scale determines ecosystem service. The scale-dependent ecosystem service is embodied in the scale dependency of ecosystem provider, ecosystem beneficiary, ecosystem service measurement and ecosystem service management. Scale dependence of ecosystem service is illustrated with two cases that consider different ranges of scales and different types of service. The first is a large, polluted, former brownfield site located in Liberty State Park (New Jersey, USA), which developed into an unmanaged wild area and represents a small-scale island of wildland within an urban, metropolitan landscape. The second is the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP), China, which represents a case in a natural and wild area at an ecoregion scale.