Capital Punishment and Wrongful Convictions
Published Online: 22 JAN 2014
Copyright © 2014 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice
How to Cite
Carrera, R. L. 2014. Capital Punishment and Wrongful Convictions. The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1–5.
- Published Online: 22 JAN 2014
Convicted offenders determined to be innocent, typically through DNA testing, are often described as wrongfully convicted, thus they are exonerated of criminal charges. However, wrongful convictions in which convicted felons are later revealed to be innocent are not the same as cases of “factual innocence” and “legal innocence.” For example, factual innocence is evident when defendants are accomplices to crimes yet do not directly commit crimes. Legal innocence refers to criminal cases where defendants' criminal actions are determined to be legally justified. For example, defendants are often found to be legally innocent in cases where defendants acted in self defense or were intellectually disabled.
- capital crime;
- capital punishment;