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Electro-Membrane Processes

Membrane Processes

  1. Ajay K. Singh,
  2. Vinod K. Shahi

Published Online: 19 APR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118522318.emst084

Encyclopedia of Membrane Science and Technology

Encyclopedia of Membrane Science and Technology

How to Cite

Singh, A. K. and Shahi, V. K. 2013. Electro-Membrane Processes. Encyclopedia of Membrane Science and Technology. 1–59.

Author Information

  1. Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 APR 2013


Electromembrane processes are well-established techniques for the production of potable water from brackish water. During recent years, these processes have witnessed penetration into many areas such as energy production, food processing, personal care products, healthcare, production of high quality water, biomolecules separation, sensors, organic separation, industrial effluent treatment, etc. In this article, the principle of the electromembrane process is described along with its advantages and limitations for various applications. Recent developments in ion-exchange membranes and their utilization in various areas are also described briefly.


  • electrodialysis;
  • electrodialysis reverse;
  • reverse electrodialysis;
  • diffusion and Donnan dialysis;
  • water treatment;
  • biomolecules separations