11. Bioprocesses for the Removal of Volatile Sulfur Compounds from Gas Streams

  1. Christian Kennes and
  2. María C. Veiga
  1. Albert Janssen1,
  2. Pim L. F. van den Bosch1,
  3. Robert C. van Leerdam1 and
  4. Marco de Graaff2

Published Online: 13 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118523360.ch11

Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy

Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy

How to Cite

Janssen, A., van den Bosch, P. L. F., van Leerdam, R. C. and de Graaff, M. (2013) Bioprocesses for the Removal of Volatile Sulfur Compounds from Gas Streams, in Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy (eds C. Kennes and M. C. Veiga), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118523360.ch11

Editor Information

  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of La Coruña, Spain

Author Information

  1. 1

    Sub-department of Environmental Technology, Wageningen University, The Netherlands

  2. 2

    Wetsus, Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Wageningen University, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 19 APR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119943310

Online ISBN: 9781118523360

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Keywords:

  • volatile sulphur compounds;
  • gas treatment;
  • bioreactors;
  • microbial degradation;
  • toxicity

Summary

This chapter describes the biological removal of sulphur compounds from gas streams. First, an overview is given of the toxicity of sulphur compounds to animals and humans whereafter biological and industrial formation routes for (organic) sulphur compounds are given. Microbial degradation routes of volatile organic sulphur compounds under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions are presented. Finally, the most commonly applied processes for sulphur removal from gaseous streams are discussed and an overview is given of operating experiences for biological gas treatment systems. The chapter concludes with some remarks on future developments.