23. Full-Scale Biogas Upgrading

  1. Christian Kennes and
  2. María C. Veiga
  1. Jort Langerak,
  2. Robert Lems and
  3. Erwin H. M. Dirkse

Published Online: 13 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118523360.ch23

Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy

Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy

How to Cite

Langerak, J., Lems, R. and Dirkse, E. H. M. (2013) Full-Scale Biogas Upgrading, in Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy (eds C. Kennes and M. C. Veiga), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118523360.ch23

Editor Information

  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of La Coruña, Spain

Author Information

  1. DMT Environmental Technology, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 19 APR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119943310

Online ISBN: 9781118523360



  • Biogas upgrading;
  • high selective membranes;
  • high pressure water wash;
  • biological desulphurisation


Depletion of fossil fuels, as well as increased legislation and environmental awareness regarding greenhouse gasses, is driving the world towards alternative renewable energy sources. One upcoming renewable energy source is biogas. Biogas can be upgraded to natural quality standards and used as a sustainable energy source for power generation or transport/car fuel. Various technologies exist for the removal of CO2 from the biogas, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. In this Chapter, four field cases are shown with different configurations based on economics, energy efficiency, biogas source and application. All cases are supported with process values and economical figures. Especially the case with membrane separation demonstrates that high selective membranes will be the future for biogas upgrading.