6. Bioscrubbers

  1. Christian Kennes and
  2. María C. Veiga
  1. Pierre Le Cloirec1 and
  2. Philippe Humeau2

Published Online: 13 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118523360.ch6

Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy

Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy

How to Cite

Le Cloirec, P. and Humeau, P. (2013) Bioscrubbers, in Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy (eds C. Kennes and M. C. Veiga), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118523360.ch6

Editor Information

  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of La Coruña, Spain

Author Information

  1. 1

    Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France

  2. 2

    Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment (CSTB), Aquasim, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 19 APR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119943310

Online ISBN: 9781118523360

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Keywords:

  • Bioscrubber;
  • Odor;
  • VOC;
  • biological air treatment

Summary

Biological air treatment processes have been available for many years. Among these, biofilters (filter beds, biocatalysts), biotrickling filters and bioscrubbers are implemented. In a bioscrubber, a large number of soluble and biodegradable molecules are transferred into an aqueous phase and degraded in an activated sludge reactor. This process is particularly applied to remove volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and/or odorous molecules present in industrial gaseous emissions. The contaminant concentrations range from above 1 g m-3 to very diluted pollutants present in the gas stream (a few mg or μg m-3 for air flow rates between a few m3 h-1 and 100,000 m3 h-1, or even more for some systems). The objective of this chapter is to present the general operating methods and some applications of gas stream treatments, especially the removal of volatile organic or inorganic compounds, by bioscrubbers: i) Principles of a bioscrubber and general operating conditions, ii) Biotreatments of pollutant families, iii) Treatment of by-products generated by this waste gas treatment process.