10. Salmonid Habitats in Riverine Winter Conditions with Ice

  1. Ian Maddock4,
  2. Atle Harby5,
  3. Paul Kemp6 and
  4. Paul Wood7
  1. Ari Huusko1,
  2. Teppo Vehanen2 and
  3. Morten Stickler3

Published Online: 30 JUN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118526576.ch10

Ecohydraulics: An Integrated Approach

Ecohydraulics: An Integrated Approach

How to Cite

Huusko, A., Vehanen, T. and Stickler, M. (2013) Salmonid Habitats in Riverine Winter Conditions with Ice, in Ecohydraulics: An Integrated Approach (eds I. Maddock, A. Harby, P. Kemp and P. Wood), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118526576.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Institute of Science and the Environment, University of Worcester, UK

  2. 5

    SINTEF Energy Research, Trondheim, Norway

  3. 6

    International Centre for Ecohydraulics Research, University of Southampton, UK

  4. 7

    Department of Geography, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Manamansalontie 90, 88300 Paltamo, Finland

  2. 2

    Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Paavo Havaksen tie 3, 90014 Oulun yliopisto, Finland

  3. 3

    Statkraft AS, Lilleakerveien 6, 0216 Oslo, Norway

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JUN 2013
  2. Published Print: 16 AUG 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470976005

Online ISBN: 9781118526576



  • ecohydraulics;
  • ice formation;
  • salmonid;
  • winter conditions;
  • winter habitat


This chapter takes a novel ecohydraulics perspective by considering salmonid ecology during the winter, and particularly interactions with temperatures of water and, in its solid state, as ice. The relationship between winter habitat and salmonid performance is investigated as the information obtained may provide an important addition to the toolbox of both ecologists and resource managers using an ecohydraulics approach to understand and predict fish responses to hydrological and hydraulic changes taking place in winter. The ice formation process may take place within a brief period of time with growth at night and thawing during the day, thus creating a highly unstable river environment. Acclimation to winter conditions involves physiological and behavioural adaptation, which strongly affect performance and habitat selection. Suitable winter habitats for salmonids in streams and rivers are sites that allow fish to minimize energy expenditure and, at the same time, maximize protection from environmental variation and predation.