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Attentional Bias Modification

Part One. General Strategies

  1. Nader Amir,
  2. Sara Conley

Published Online: 29 NOV 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118528563.wbcbt09

The Wiley Handbook of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

The Wiley Handbook of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

How to Cite

Amir, N. and Conley, S. 2013. Attentional Bias Modification. The Wiley Handbook of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Part One:9:1–22.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 NOV 2013


Cognitive models of emotional disorders suggest that an information processing bias toward disorder-relevant information plays a role in the etiology and maintenance of these disorders. For example, these models propose that biased attention toward disorder-specific material may exacerbate anxiety and depression. More relevant to the goals of cognitive behavioral therapy, recent research suggests that changing attentional bias may result in the reduction of symptoms of emotional disorders. Converging evidence from multiple laboratories using related but distinct methodologies indicates that attention modification procedures may have clinical utility for cognitive behavioral therapists. Although promising, questions remain regarding the basic mechanisms involved in attention training as well as the best method for incorporating attention training into clinical practice.


  • attention modification;
  • attentional bias;
  • anxiety;
  • depression