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High-Risk Home and Child-Care Environments and Children's Social-Emotional Outcomes

Volume 1. Wellbeing in Children and Families

Part 3. School and Child Care: Settings that Impact Child and Family Wellbeing

  1. Lisa S. Badanes1,
  2. Sarah Enos Watamura2

Published Online: 11 FEB 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118539415.wbwell010



How to Cite

Badanes, L. S. and Enos Watamura, S. 2014. High-Risk Home and Child-Care Environments and Children's Social-Emotional Outcomes. Wellbeing. 1:3:11:1–29.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Metropolitan State University of Denver, U.S.A.

  2. 2

    University of Denver, U.S.A.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 FEB 2014


This chapter focuses on specific empirically based home and child-care characteristics that put a child at risk for the development of poor social-emotional outcomes. Specifically, we focus on the high-risk home characteristics of maternal depression, child maltreatment, and insecure parent–child attachment. We also discuss high-risk child-care characteristics such as low caregiving quality, placement instability, and teacher–child relationship difficulties. In line with a bioecological systems perspective, we also briefly review the literature documenting that high-risk home and child-care environments are disproportionally experienced by children living in poverty, and that the constellation of risk that often co-occurs with living in poverty has well-known impacts on children's socioemotional outcomes.