2. Pediatric Skeletal Trauma

  1. Andrea Donovan MD2 and
  2. Mark Schweitzer MD3
  1. Elka Miller,
  2. Jorge Davila,
  3. Carmen Rotaru and
  4. Khaldoun Koujok

Published Online: 22 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118551691.ch2

Imaging Musculoskeletal Trauma: Interpretation and Reporting

Imaging Musculoskeletal Trauma: Interpretation and Reporting

How to Cite

Miller, E., Davila, J., Rotaru, C. and Koujok, K. (2012) Pediatric Skeletal Trauma, in Imaging Musculoskeletal Trauma: Interpretation and Reporting (eds A. Donovan and M. Schweitzer), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford. doi: 10.1002/9781118551691.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Medical Imaging, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

  2. 3

    Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 OCT 2012
  2. Published Print: 10 DEC 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118158814

Online ISBN: 9781118551691

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Keywords:

  • Computed Tomography (CT);
  • elbow fractures;
  • imaging tests;
  • Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging;
  • musculoskeletal trauma;
  • orthopedic injuries;
  • pediatric fractures;
  • pediatric patients;
  • radiographs;
  • ultrasound

Summary

The chapter talks about pediatric orthopedic injuries, which have specific mechanisms of injury, pathophysiology, and healing. There are five basic types of fractures in children: plastic deformation, buckle fractures, greenstick fractures, complete fractures, epiphyseal and apophyseal injuries. Elbow fractures are common in children and account for 10% of all pediatric fractures. Apophyses in the pelvis are the weak link in muscle contraction related injury. Avulsion fractures are commonly seen about the pelvis in adolescents. Patellar sleeve avulsion fractures are unique to children between 8 and 12 years of age. Imaging modality for the diagnosis of fractures or musculoskeletal trauma includes radiographs, Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging and ultrasound. The chapter briefly touches upon musculoskeletal manifestations in non-accidental trauma.