10. Alternative Biologies
- Max More and
- Natasha Vita-More
Published Online: 11 MAR 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
The Transhumanist Reader: Classical and Contemporary Essays on the Science, Technology, and Philosophy of the Human Future
How to Cite
Armstrong, R. (2013) Alternative Biologies, in The Transhumanist Reader: Classical and Contemporary Essays on the Science, Technology, and Philosophy of the Human Future (eds M. More and N. Vita-More), John Wiley & Sons, Oxford. doi: 10.1002/9781118555927.ch10
- Published Online: 11 MAR 2013
- Published Print: 29 APR 2013
Print ISBN: 9781118334294
Online ISBN: 9781118555927
- human enhancement;
- synthetic biology;
Human enhancement can be achieved by direct interventions where the body hosts the technology, such as in the case of neural implants. However, indirect methods in human enhancement are possible, although seldom considered in transhumanist discussions. Synthetic biology embodies the principles of complex systems using real-world technologies. Synthetic biology can be created using direct top-down interventions where existing systems are modified through instrumentation or using bottom-up approaches that engage with chemical self-assembly. The chapter talks about the new living technologies such as protocells, which help us imagine how it may be possible to change the relationship that exists at the heart of human development, the negative impact that our industrialized approaches have on the environment.