7. Poststroke Recovery

  1. Kevin M. Barrett MD, MSc3 and
  2. James F. Meschia MD4
  1. Samir R. Belagaje MD1 and
  2. Andrew J. Butler PT, MBA, PhD, FAHA2

Published Online: 7 MAY 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118560730.ch7

Stroke

Stroke

How to Cite

Belagaje, S. R. and Butler, A. J. (2013) Poststroke Recovery, in Stroke (eds K. M. Barrett and J. F. Meschia), John Wiley & Sons, Oxford. doi: 10.1002/9781118560730.ch7

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA

  2. 4

    Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Departments of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia

  2. 2

    B.F. Lewis School of Nursing and Health Professions, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 7 MAY 2013
  2. Published Print: 22 APR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470674369

Online ISBN: 9781118560730

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Keywords:

  • rehabilitation;
  • stroke recovery;
  • neuroplasticity;
  • functional MRI (fMRI);
  • diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)

Summary

Stroke is a leading cause of disability world-wide and results in ongoing disability due to persistent sensory, physical, language, cognitive, and emotional changes. Research in the past two decades has expanded our understanding of the mechanisms underlying stroke recovery that has led to the development of new treatment modalities. This chapter will review and summarize the key concepts relating to poststroke recovery with a focus on novel and emerging modalities available to enhance poststroke recovery. The chapter begins with an overview of the natural history of stroke recovery as well as the phases of stroke and their implications for rehabilitation. The current mechanisms and understanding of poststroke recovery principles are reviewed. Finally, emerging technology and interventions that may play a role in future poststroke recovery are discussed.