15. An Approach to Analysing Scale-Sensitivity and Scale-Effectiveness of Governance in Biodiversity Conservation

  1. Frans Padt11,
  2. Paul Opdam12,
  3. Nico Polman13 and
  4. Catrien Termeer14
  1. Eeva Primmer1,
  2. Riikka Paloniemi1,
  3. Raphaël Mathevet2,
  4. Evangelia Apostolopoulou3,
  5. Joseph Tzanopoulos4,
  6. Irene Ring5,
  7. Marianne Kettunen6,
  8. Jukka Similä1,
  9. Joanna Cent7,
  10. Małgorzata Grodzińska-Jurczak7,
  11. Thomas Koellner8,
  12. Paula Antunes9,
  13. John D Pantis3,
  14. Simon G Potts10 and
  15. Rui Santos9

Published Online: 14 MAR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118567135.ch15

Scale-sensitive Governance of the Environment

Scale-sensitive Governance of the Environment

How to Cite

Primmer, E., Paloniemi, R., Mathevet, R., Apostolopoulou, E., Tzanopoulos, J., Ring, I., Kettunen, M., Similä, J., Cent, J., Grodzińska-Jurczak, M., Koellner, T., Antunes, P., Pantis, J. D., Potts, S. G. and Santos, R. (2014) An Approach to Analysing Scale-Sensitivity and Scale-Effectiveness of Governance in Biodiversity Conservation, in Scale-sensitive Governance of the Environment (eds F. Padt, P. Opdam, N. Polman and C. Termeer), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118567135.ch15

Editor Information

  1. 11

    Department of Landscape Architecture and the Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education, The Pennsylvania State University, USA

  2. 12

    Land Use Planning Group and Alterra Nature and Society Group, Wageningen UR, The Netherlands

  3. 13

    LEI Regional Economy & Land Use Group, Wageningen UR, The Netherlands

  4. 14

    Public Administration and Policy Group, Wageningen UR, The Netherlands

Author Information

  1. 1

    Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Finland

  2. 2

    Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive (CEFE), France; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden

  3. 3

    Department of Ecology, School of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

  4. 4

    Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), University of Kent, UK

  5. 5

    Department of Economics, UFZ-Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research and Leipzig University, Germany

  6. 6

    Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), Belgium

  7. 7

    Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Poland

  8. 8

    Department of Geography, University of Bayreuth, Germany

  9. 9

    CENSE-Center for Environmental and Sustainability Research, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal

  10. 10

    School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 MAR 2014
  2. Published Print: 10 MAR 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118567159

Online ISBN: 9781118567135



  • biodiversity conservation;
  • environment;
  • governance mechanisms;
  • scale-effectiveness;
  • scale-sensitivity


The governance of global environmental challenges has been conceptualized comprehensively and often accurately, but it is often difficult to design institutions that provide incentives for conservation and, at the same time, control for reaching the targets across scales, utilizing available knowledge and satisfying multiple interests. This chapter analyses four governance mechanisms in biodiversity conservation: (i) command and control; (ii) planning and management: (iii) market-oriented mechanisms and economic instruments; and (iv) collaborative and participatory. It discusses the ways in which these mechanisms emphasize control and adaptiveness. The analysis utilizes governance literature and secondary material on illustrative biodiversity governance examples in different areas in Europe. The chapter draws conclusions for scale-sensitive and scale-effective analysis and policy.