2. Fruit—An Angiosperm Innovation

  1. Graham B. Seymour3,
  2. Mervin Poole3,
  3. James J. Giovannoni4 and
  4. Gregory A. Tucker5
  1. Sandra Knapp1 and
  2. Amy Litt2

Published Online: 5 APR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118593714.ch2

The Molecular Biology and Biochemistry of Fruit Ripening

The Molecular Biology and Biochemistry of Fruit Ripening

How to Cite

Knapp, S. and Litt, A. (2013) Fruit—An Angiosperm Innovation, in The Molecular Biology and Biochemistry of Fruit Ripening (eds G. B. Seymour, M. Poole, J. J. Giovannoni and G. A. Tucker), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118593714.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Plant and Crop Science Division, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, Loughborough, Leics, United Kingdom

  2. 4

    Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Science Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, NY, USA

  3. 5

    School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leics, United Kingdom

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Botany, The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

  2. 2

    The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York, NY, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 APR 2013
  2. Published Print: 10 MAY 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813820392

Online ISBN: 9781118593714



  • angiosperm diversity;
  • angiosperm phylogeny;
  • fossil record;
  • fruit development;
  • fruit variation


This chapter provides a broad-brush review of a few of what is considered important elements in thinking about fruit evolution. Some of the elements are: (1) fruit variation and evolution as seen in the fossil record, (2) fruit variation as it is related to current ideas of angiosperm phylogeny, (3) the basic molecular and structural mechanisms underlying fruit development, and (4) the possible role of fruits in angiosperm diversification. The chapter attempts to include a broad range of references. It stimulates thinking about fruit development and ripening that is more broadly based on angiosperm phylogeny and on the role of fruits in natural ecosystems.