17. Cellulose-Based Nanocomposites: Processing Techniques

  1. Alain Dufresne1,
  2. Sabu Thomas2 and
  3. Laly A. Pothen3
  1. Robert A. Shanks

Published Online: 19 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118609958.ch17

Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications

Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications

How to Cite

Shanks, R. A. (2013) Cellulose-Based Nanocomposites: Processing Techniques, in Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications (eds A. Dufresne, S. Thomas and L. A. Pothen), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118609958.ch17

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), The International School of Paper, Print Media, and Biomaterials (Pagora), Saint Martin d'Hères Cedex, France

  2. 2

    School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

  3. 3

    Department of Chemistry, Bishop Moore College, Mavelikara, Kerala, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 23 SEP 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118218358

Online ISBN: 9781118609958



  • cellulose nanocrystals;
  • cellulose nanofibers;
  • cellulose‐based nanocomposites


This chapter reviews cellulose‐based nanocomposites where the nano‐phase component can be cellulose nanofibers or cellulose nanocrystals. The matrix phase can be comprised of cellulose, a cellulose derivative, or more typically a synthetic or bioderived polymer. The cellulose can be derived from many sources with the choice being related to the locality where the composites will be made. The chapter concentrates on processing techniques for the cellulose. Cellulose derivatives are more readily dissolved or processed than cellulose and therefore suited for nanocomposite preparation with available nanoparticles, platelets, and fibers. Cellulose acetate (CA), cellulose acetate—butyrate (CAB), plasticized with triethyl citrate have been extruded into nanocomposites with modified layered clay. Cellulose nanocrystals added and dispersed in a matrix have more perfect structure and molecular orientation. This is because they have survived preparation by selective acid hydrolysis of larger cellulose structures.