23. Biocomposites and Nanocomposites Containing Lignin

  1. Alain Dufresne1,
  2. Sabu Thomas2 and
  3. Laly A. Pothen3
  1. Cornelia Vasile and
  2. Georgeta Cazacu

Published Online: 19 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118609958.ch23

Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications

Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications

How to Cite

Vasile, C. and Cazacu, G. (2013) Biocomposites and Nanocomposites Containing Lignin, in Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications (eds A. Dufresne, S. Thomas and L. A. Pothen), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118609958.ch23

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), The International School of Paper, Print Media, and Biomaterials (Pagora), Saint Martin d'Hères Cedex, France

  2. 2

    School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

  3. 3

    Department of Chemistry, Bishop Moore College, Mavelikara, Kerala, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 23 SEP 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118218358

Online ISBN: 9781118609958



  • bionanocomposite;
  • lignin;
  • thermoplastics;
  • thermosetting materials


In the scientific world, “bionanocomposite” has become a common term to designate those polymeric materials involving a biopolymer, produced from plants or microorganisms or by other biological processes, reinforced with inorganic/organic fillers showing at least one dimension on the nanometer scale. Lignin is primarily burnt as a fuel for energy; however, as a part of the biorefinery concept, value‐added utilization of lignin is critical. Usually, the lignins used in preparation of blends or composites were produced industrially and obtained as a purified commercial polymer. Biobased nanocomposites containing lignin were prepared from organosolv lignins (OSL)/organoclay mixtures by mechanical mixing and subsequent melt intercalation. Recently, thermoplastics with high lignin content have been produced by alkylated kraft lignins (KRL) or blending KRL with synthetic polymers. Besides polyurethanes and polyesters, phenolic and epoxy resins are the most prominent applications of technical lignins in thermosetting materials.