4. Biomimetic Lessons for Processing Chitin-Based Composites

  1. Alain Dufresne1,
  2. Sabu Thomas2 and
  3. Laly A. Pothen3
  1. Otto C. Wilson Jr. and
  2. Tiffany Omokanwaye

Published Online: 19 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118609958.ch4

Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications

Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications

How to Cite

Wilson, O. C. and Omokanwaye, T. (2013) Biomimetic Lessons for Processing Chitin-Based Composites, in Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications (eds A. Dufresne, S. Thomas and L. A. Pothen), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118609958.ch4

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), The International School of Paper, Print Media, and Biomaterials (Pagora), Saint Martin d'Hères Cedex, France

  2. 2

    School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

  3. 3

    Department of Chemistry, Bishop Moore College, Mavelikara, Kerala, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 23 SEP 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118218358

Online ISBN: 9781118609958

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Keywords:

  • bioinspiration;
  • biomimetic insights;
  • biomineralization;
  • chitin biosynthesis;
  • chitin nanocomposites;
  • nanocomposite processing

Summary

This chapter provides an overview of chitin nanocomposites. The basics of chitin physicochemical characteristics are presented first as an introduction to the unique characteristics of chitin that make it desirable for nanocomposite processing. Next, the chapter focuses on natural chitin‐based bionanocomposites such as crab shell integument, nacre, and jumbo squid beaks to gain biomimetic insights that can be useful in developing advanced processing strategies for chitin nanocomposite synthesis. Then, the chapter talks about chitin biosynthesis, chitin—protein nanocomposites, biomineralization, liquid crystal (LC) order parameters, and multilevel hierarchical structure development. Finally, the chapter focuses on practical applications of bioinspiration that are currently used for synthesizing chitin nanocomposites.