6. Mechanical Properties of Chitin-Based Nanocomposites

  1. Alain Dufresne1,
  2. Sabu Thomas2 and
  3. Laly A. Pothen3
  1. Merin Sara Thomas,
  2. Laly A. Pothan and
  3. Sabu Thomas

Published Online: 19 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118609958.ch6

Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications

Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications

How to Cite

Thomas, M. S., Pothan, L. A. and Thomas, S. (2013) Mechanical Properties of Chitin-Based Nanocomposites, in Biopolymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Properties, and Applications (eds A. Dufresne, S. Thomas and L. A. Pothen), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118609958.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), The International School of Paper, Print Media, and Biomaterials (Pagora), Saint Martin d'Hères Cedex, France

  2. 2

    School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

  3. 3

    Department of Chemistry, Bishop Moore College, Mavelikara, Kerala, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 23 SEP 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118218358

Online ISBN: 9781118609958

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Keywords:

  • bioactivity;
  • biocompatibility;
  • biodegradability;
  • chitin/chitosan (CS) nanocomposites

Summary

Chitin occurs in nature as ordered crystalline microfibrils, forming structural components in animals, algae, and fungi in which chitin acts as a supportive and protective component. This chapter discusses the mechanical properties of chitin/chitosan (CS) nanocomposites. There has been an increased interest in developing new strategies of obtaining composite materials with desired properties for various applications. Chitin and CS can be used as a natural polymer matrix as well as a nanofiller for the fabrication of bionanocomposites because of their natural origin, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and bioactivity. In order to improve the mechanical properties of composites, reinforcing processes might be employed. The mechanical properties of the composite depend not only on the nature of filler but also on the interaction between matrix and filler, temperature, and filler content.