8. Environmental Applications of Hydrothermal Carbonization Technology: Biochar Production, Carbon Sequestration, and Waste Conversion

  1. MARIA-MAGDALENA TITIRICI
  1. Nicole D. Berge1,
  2. Claudia Kammann2,
  3. Kyoung Ro3 and
  4. Judy Libra4

Published Online: 9 JUN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118622179.ch8

Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes

Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes

How to Cite

Berge, N. D., Kammann, C., Ro, K. and Libra, J. (2013) Environmental Applications of Hydrothermal Carbonization Technology: Biochar Production, Carbon Sequestration, and Waste Conversion, in Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes (ed M.-M. TITIRICI), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118622179.ch8

Editor Information

  1. School of Engineering and Materials Science, Queen Mary, University of London, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of South Carolina, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Plant Ecology, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Germany

  3. 3

    USDA-ARS, Coastal Plains Soil, Water, and Plant Research Center, USA

  4. 4

    Department of Technology Assessment and Substance Cycles, Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering Potsdam-Bornim (ATB), Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 JUN 2013
  2. Published Print: 30 MAY 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119975397

Online ISBN: 9781118622179

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Keywords:

  • biochar production;
  • carbon sequestration;
  • hydrothermal carbonization (HTC);
  • soil amendment;
  • waste conversion

Summary

Utilization of hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) in environmentally relevant applications is fairly new, and there is much additional research required to fully explore the potential and subsequent use of the process in such applications. This chapter describes the current knowledge associated with environmentally relevant HTC applications. The use of HTC as a waste management tool is first examined. This isfollowed by an overview of char applications, with a focus on char as a soil amendment. In addition, the current commercial status and research needs required to implement carbonization at the field-scale are discussed.