9. Scale-Up in Hydrothermal Carbonization

  1. Andrea Kruse1,2,
  2. Daniela Baris1,
  3. Nicole Tröger1 and
  4. Peter Wieczorek3

Published Online: 9 JUN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118622179.ch9

Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes

Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes

How to Cite

Kruse, A., Baris, D., Tröger, N. and Wieczorek, P. (2013) Scale-Up in Hydrothermal Carbonization, in Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes (ed M.-M. TITIRICI), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118622179.ch9

Editor Information

  1. School of Engineering and Materials Science, Queen Mary, University of London, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Catalysis Research and Technology, Germany

  2. 2

    University Hohenheim, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Conversion Technology and Life Cycle Assessment of Renewable Resources, Germany

  3. 3

    Artec Biotechnologie GmbH, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 JUN 2013
  2. Published Print: 30 MAY 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119975397

Online ISBN: 9781118622179



  • hydrothermal carbonization (HTC);
  • scale-up


This chapter discusses different technical solutions for an industrial application of hydrothermal carbonization (HTC). All the plants discussed in the chapter produce coal with sufficient yield and properties. The choice of technical realization is determined, which is the focus and most important aspect for the companies planning the process. There might be some differences in the process water composition for different technical concepts or scales, but in summary HTC is very easy to handle in view of scale-up.