12. Nanoparticles as a Smart Technology for Remediation

  1. Vincenzo Piemonte3,
  2. Marcello De Falco3 and
  3. Angelo Basile4
  1. Giuseppe Chidichimo1,
  2. Daniela Cupelli2,
  3. Giovanni De Filpo1,
  4. Patrizia Formoso2 and
  5. Fiore Pasquale Nicoletta2

Published Online: 4 JUN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118629703.ch12

Sustainable Development in Chemical Engineering Innovative Technologies

Sustainable Development in Chemical Engineering Innovative Technologies

How to Cite

Chidichimo, G., Cupelli, D., De Filpo, G., Formoso, P. and Pasquale Nicoletta, F. (2013) Nanoparticles as a Smart Technology for Remediation, in Sustainable Development in Chemical Engineering Innovative Technologies (eds V. Piemonte, M. De Falco and A. Basile), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118629703.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 3

    University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, Italy

  2. 4

    ITM-CNR, Rende (CS), Italy

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Chemistry, University of Calabria, Italy

  2. 2

    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Calabria, Italy

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 JUN 2013
  2. Published Print: 4 JUL 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119953524

Online ISBN: 9781118629703

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Keywords:

  • Environmental remediation;
  • Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies;
  • Applications in biotechnology;
  • chemistry;
  • biology

Summary

In recent years, engineered nanomaterials have gained significant attention in remediation processes for their ability to adsorb, degrade, and remove pollutants from environmental media. In this chapter we report recent progress in remediation by nanomaterials, describing synthesis and properties of different classes of nanoparticles. The main physico-chemical principles and advantages of using nanoparticles in remediation of wastewaters contaminated by dyes, heavy metals, and organic pollutants are discussed. Special attention is given to the modification of nanoparticle surface properties in order to increase efficiency and selectivity. Advances in some particular nanosystems and perspectives on environment, and health impact by a massive use of nanodevices are reported.