14. Advancement of Biohydrogen Production and Its Integration with Fuel Cell Technology

  1. Shang-Tian Yang1,
  2. Hesham A El-Enshasy2 and
  3. Nuttha Thongchul3
  1. Jong-Hwan Shin and
  2. Tai Hyun Park

Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118642047.ch14

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers

How to Cite

Shin, J.-H. and Park, T. H. (2013) Advancement of Biohydrogen Production and Its Integration with Fuel Cell Technology, in Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers (eds S.-T. Yang, H. A. El-Enshasy and N. Thongchul), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118642047.ch14

Editor Information

  1. 1

    William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

  2. 2

    Institute of Bioproduct Development (IBD), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

  3. 3

    Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470541951

Online ISBN: 9781118642047

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Keywords:

  • biohydrogen;
  • biophotolysis;
  • dark fermentation;
  • fermentative bacteria;
  • fuel cell technology;
  • microorganisms;
  • photodecomposition

Summary

Biohydrogen has been mostly produced from microorganisms and can be subdivided into three major categories: biophotolysis of water using green algae or cyanobacteria (blue green algae), photodecomposition of organic compounds using photosynthetic bacteria, and dark fermentation from organic wastes or energy crops using fermentative bacteria. This chapter focuses on the methods and principles for biohydrogen production and describes the prospects of combining biohydrogen production systems with fuel cell technology. Fermentative hydrogen production is influenced by many factors such as inoculums, medium composition, cofactors, reactor type, temperature, and pH. Biohydrogen technologies should obtain high hydrogen production rates that are sufficient to power fuel cells for practical applications.