15. Biogas Technology

  1. Shang-Tian Yang1,
  2. Hesham A El-Enshasy2 and
  3. Nuttha Thongchul3
  1. Günter Busch

Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118642047.ch15

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers

How to Cite

Busch, G. (2013) Biogas Technology, in Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers (eds S.-T. Yang, H. A. El-Enshasy and N. Thongchul), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118642047.ch15

Editor Information

  1. 1

    William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

  2. 2

    Institute of Bioproduct Development (IBD), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

  3. 3

    Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 8 JUL 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470541951

Online ISBN: 9781118642047

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Keywords:

  • biogas technology;
  • biowaste;
  • fermenter design;
  • municipal solid waste

Summary

Under the absence of air, or under anaerobic conditions, one of the final products of the biodegradation is biogas which consists of methane (CH4), and carbon dioxide (CO2). The incineration of biowaste—as alternative to biogas production—fails mostly because of its high moisture, except wood and straw. Thus, biogas generation is an alternative option for “energy from waste” in case of moist biowaste. In industrialized countries, the biogas plants are more engineered and equipped with sophisticated control equipment. This chapter illustrates a huge variety of different designs of biogas plants available today, and their classification based on different criteria. The technologies used for the production of biogas from biowaste and municipal solid waste (MSW) are differentiated mainly by the kind of handling of the impurities and unwanted substances and are discussed finally in the chapter.