4. Energy Crops

  1. Shang-Tian Yang1,
  2. Hesham A El-Enshasy2 and
  3. Nuttha Thongchul3
  1. Walter Zegada-Lizarazu and
  2. Andrea Monti

Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118642047.ch4

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers

How to Cite

Zegada-Lizarazu, W. and Monti, A. (2013) Energy Crops, in Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers (eds S.-T. Yang, H. A. El-Enshasy and N. Thongchul), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118642047.ch4

Editor Information

  1. 1

    William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

  2. 2

    Institute of Bioproduct Development (IBD), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

  3. 3

    Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470541951

Online ISBN: 9781118642047

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Keywords:

  • annual crops;
  • dedicated energy crops;
  • first-generation crops;
  • perennial herbaceous crops;
  • short rotation woody crops

Summary

Dedicated energy crops are a type of biomass exclusively cultivated to generate biomass for electricity, heat, and power, and to make biofuels and other types of bioenergy on a renewable basis. This chapter points out agronomic characteristics and provides some examples of appropriate management practices for first- and second-generation energy crop production. It summarizes the relevant information available on primary production and general management aspects of representative well-known and new energy crops dedicated to the production of feedstock for liquid and solid biofuels. Apart from the well-known annual multipurpose crops such as maize and sugarcane, most second-generation energy crops are largely undomesticated and are at their early stages of development and management. However, second-generation crops (such as perennial grasses and woody crops) show some advantages over first-generation crops (mainly annual crops) in terms of agricultural inputs, yields, production costs, food security, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and environmental sustainability.