5. Microalgae as Feedstock for Biofuels and Biochemicals

  1. Shang-Tian Yang1,
  2. Hesham A El-Enshasy2 and
  3. Nuttha Thongchul3
  1. Dong Wei

Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118642047.ch5

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers

How to Cite

Wei, D. (2013) Microalgae as Feedstock for Biofuels and Biochemicals, in Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers (eds S.-T. Yang, H. A. El-Enshasy and N. Thongchul), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118642047.ch5

Editor Information

  1. 1

    William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

  2. 2

    Institute of Bioproduct Development (IBD), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

  3. 3

    Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470541951

Online ISBN: 9781118642047

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Keywords:

  • biochemicals;
  • biofuels;
  • feedstock;
  • high-throughput screening (HTS);
  • high-throughput sorting (HTS);
  • microalgae

Summary

Starch is the main component in photosynthetic cells, but triglyceride as algal oil can be rich in photosynthetic and/or heterotrophic cells of oleaginous microalgae cultivated in stress conditions. This chapter discusses outdoor mass cultivation of microalgae, and the production of biofuels (bioethanol, biogas, biohydrogen, and biodiesel) and biochemicals using microalgae as an alternative feedstock through bioprocessing. New techniques for screening and selecting microalgae include high-throughput screening (HTS) by fluorescent techniques, high-throughput sorting (HTS) by flow cytometry, and rapid evaluation techniques. To achieve the cost-effective production for high-value biochemicals and/or low-price biofuels from microalgae, a suggestive strategy is to establish an integrated process of microalgae cultural system and biomass bioprocessing for final products.