6. Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass

  1. Shang-Tian Yang1,
  2. Hesham A El-Enshasy2 and
  3. Nuttha Thongchul3
  1. Tae Hyun Kim

Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118642047.ch6

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers

How to Cite

Kim, T. H. (2013) Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass, in Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers (eds S.-T. Yang, H. A. El-Enshasy and N. Thongchul), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118642047.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 1

    William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

  2. 2

    Institute of Bioproduct Development (IBD), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

  3. 3

    Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470541951

Online ISBN: 9781118642047

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Keywords:

  • biomass conversion process;
  • biorefinery;
  • enzymatic hydrolysis;
  • fermentation;
  • lignocellulosic biomass;
  • pretreatment technologies

Summary

Lignocellulosic biomass is the three-dimensional polymeric material, which is composed of many components, such as carbohydrates, lignin, extractives, and others in minor quantities. Cellulose and hemicellulose portions in lignocellulosic biomass are carbohydrates, which can be converted into fuels and chemical by fermentation. This chapter illustrates the biological conversion using enzymes and microbes as a means of cellulosic ethanol and biochemical production. Pretreatment technologies have garnered considerable interest as an upstream biomass processing in the entire biorefinery process scheme, which can produce numerous products from biomass like petroleum refinery does. There are many factors affecting biological conversion of lignocellulosic biomass. Lime pretreatment has also been studied to improve enzyme hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass.