12. Heterogeneity Within Social Anxiety Disorder

  1. Justin W. Weeks
  1. Megan E. Spokas and
  2. LeeAnn Cardaciotto

Published Online: 1 MAR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118653920.ch12

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Social Anxiety Disorder

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Social Anxiety Disorder

How to Cite

Spokas, M. E. and Cardaciotto, L. (2014) Heterogeneity Within Social Anxiety Disorder, in The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Social Anxiety Disorder (ed J. W. Weeks), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118653920.ch12

Editor Information

  1. Center for Evaluation and Treatment of Anxiety (CETA) Ohio University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 MAR 2014
  2. Published Print: 7 FEB 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119968603

Online ISBN: 9781118653920



  • Social anxiety disorder;
  • Social phobia;
  • Generalized social anxiety disorder;
  • Performance fears;
  • Heterogeneity;
  • Subtypes


The primary purpose of this chapter is to review a number of factors representing heterogeneity among individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD). For example, those with SAD can vary in the reported number and types of feared social situations. They may also report areas of concern other than negative evaluation, including fears of displaying physical signs of anxiety or making others uncomfortable. Further, personality features, such as impulsivity and aggression, may represent variations that are particularly relevant to treatment. Finally, among those with SAD, there may be differing levels of functional impairment in the domains of interpersonal relationships, life satisfaction, and occupational attainment. In addition to these important variations, there may be unique presentations of SAD in several understudied populations and contexts. Therefore, this chapter ends with a brief review of SAD in medical settings, among veterans, and in the context of internet usage.